Posted 17 July 2011, by Staff, Orissa Diary, orissadiary.com
Bhubaneswar: The Similipal Reserve Forests will soon be included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves as a result of the decisions taken by the International Coordinating Council of Programme on Man and Biosphere. This fact came to light at a meeting of the Similipal Biosphere Reserve Management Council held under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary Bijaya Kumar Patnaik at the State secretariat on Saturday evening.
According to estimates, Similipal biosphere reserve spreads over 5,569 sq km with 1194.75-sq km core zone, 1335.86 sq km buffer zone and 3038.39 sq km transitional zone. The largest natural watershed of northern Odisha has been developed here, which feeds 10 perennial streams that drain into major rivers like Budhabalanga, Baitarani and Subarnarekha.
It is acknowledged as a biodiversity hotspot with 1076 plant species, 55 mammal species, 304 bird species, 20 species of amphibians, 62 species of reptiles, 37 species of fishes, 179 species of butterflies and 217 species of invertebrates. Different approaches have been chalked out for management of the core, buffer and transitional zones. For the core area management thrust has been laid on protection and management of wild life; for the buffer area the thrust is on eco-development and for the transitional area the thrust has been awareness of eco-development and development of eco-tourism.Review of the progress of Management Action Plan (MAP) shows that during the last 15 years a total of
Rs 563.22 lak has been received from the Government of India with yearly average of Rs 37.58 lakh.
Under the programme, 30 units of diary farming has been developed in the Baripada Division; 2 units of rubber plantation and apiary cultivation have been done in the Karanjia Division, 3 pisciculture units have been started in the Rairangpur Division and 10 mushroom cultivation units with 50 beneficiaries have been set up in the Rairangpur Division. Secretary Forest and Environment Aurobindo Behera, PCCF PN Padhi, Mayurbhanj SP Soorya Thaqnkappam participated in the discussion.